Hold with the hare and run with the hounds
What's the meaning of the phrase 'Hold with the hare and run with the hounds'?
To deceitfully purport to remain on good terms with both sides in a conflict.
What's the origin of the phrase 'Hold with the hare and run with the hounds'?
The proverbial saying 'hold with the hare...' is first found in John Heywood's 1546 glossary A dialogue conteinyng the nomber in effect of all the prouerbes in the englishe tongue:
There is no mo [more] suche tytifils [scoundrels] in Englands grounde,
To holde with the hare, and run with the hounde.
When Heywood coined (or more probably, heard and then wrote down) 'hold with the hare and run with the hounds' hare coursing was a commonplace form of hunting for food. In more recent years it was undertaken for the entertainment of the onlookers. It is now illegal in the UK, although it still takes place. The 'holding' refers to the hare's tactic of pressing itself low to the ground to avoid being seen, only bolting at the last moment.
The notion that one can't legitimately support both sides of an argument is graphically illustrated by the hare/hounds imagery as there is no grey area - either the hare gets away or it is killed.
Heywood frequently attended the Tudor courts and it appears that the expression was well known there. Just a few years after Heywood it was repeated to Elizabeth I, albeit in the mirror image form. Bishop Richard Curteys included it in A sermon preached before the Queenes Majestie at Grenewiche, 1573:
They will say that white is blacke, and blacke white: they will runne with the hare, and holde with the hounde.
Hares crop up frequently in the language, no doubt because they were an everyday sight in medieval England when many of these phrases were coined:
A hare's nest
The tortoise and the hare
The mad March hare
To chase two hares
First, catch your hare
Few of these are now used, reflecting the relative rarity of hares due to hunting and habitat loss. It's probably the case that the majority of people now living in the UK have never seen a hare in the wild.
See also: the List of Proverbs.